Caerphilly is a town in the county borough of Caerphilly, South Wales and is located at the southern end of the Rhymney Valley. At the time of the 2011 Census the town had a population of 30,388. It is a commuter town of Cardiff and Newport, which are located some 7.5 miles (12 km) and 12 miles (19 km) away, respectively.
The town's site has long been of strategic significance. Around AD 75 a fort was built by the Romans during their conquest of Britain. An excavation of the site in 1963 showed that the fort was occupied by Roman forces until the middle of the 2nd century.
During the 1700s, Caerphilly began to grow into a market town, and during the 19th century, as the South Wales valleys underwent massive growth through industrialisation, so to the town's population grew. Caerphilly railway station was opened in 1871, and in 1899 the Rhymney Railway built their Caerphilly railway works maintenance facilities; however, the expansion of the population in the 19th century was more to do with the increasing market for coal.
Caerphilly is featured in the Sex Pistols documentary The Filth and the Fury. Protests and a prayer meeting were held outside the Castle Cinema on the evening of 14 December 1976, when the Pistols were playing a concert there. However, at this point in time, Caerphilly was one of the few councils that would allow the group to perform (Leeds and Manchester being the others). The castle of Caerphilly was used as a filming location for Merlin and the Doctor Who episodes The Rebel Flesh and The Almost People (2011).
Caerphilly is the birthplace of comedian Tommy Cooper, Newport County midfielder David Pipe and Arsenal midfielder Aaron Ramsey. It was also home to Cardiff City F. C. and Wales footballer Robert Earnshaw, following his family's move from Zambia.
The town has a rugby union club, Caerphilly RFC, who play in Division Three East of the Welsh National League.
Caerphilly has three railway stations: Caerphilly at the southern end of the town near the shopping area, Aber in the western part of the town and Energlyn & Churchill Park railway station in the far western part of the town. All on the Rhymney Line serving Cardiff.
Last year most property sales in Caerphilly involved semi-detached properties which sold for on average £152,630. Terraced properties sold for an average price of £139,314, while detached properties fetched £237,584.
Caerphilly, with an overall average price of £170,049, was similar in terms of sold prices to nearby Castle View (£178,028) and Bedwas (£175,336), but was more expensive than Trethomas (£115,650).
During the last year, sold prices in Caerphilly were 6% up on the previous year and 6% up on 2014 when the average house price was £160,383.
Source: Rightmove September 2017
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